Biomimicry and sustainable mobility: moving sustainably thanks to the living
Crédits image : Siemens Mobility
In France, transport constituted the leading industrial sector emitting greenhouse gases in 2021. The number of vehicles in circulation continues to increase, and 80% of the distance traveled by French people is by car. The question of the development of sustainable mobility is therefore crucial for the future of all of us.
The environmental, demographic and economic crises are pushing mobility to reinvent itself. Means of transport less polluting, less loud, more spacious, lighter, more autonomous, less consumers can be set up according to different modes of use: individually or collectively, for short or long journeys. This must also be accompanied by resilient infrastructures to allow the smooth flow of transport in any situation, and avoid the inconveniences linked to the concentration of pollution and noise.
To meet these challenges, the development of new sober and efficient technologies is a promising avenue, just like a better transport management at the urban and interurban scale.
Biomimicry is a research and development approach that consists of drawing inspiration from the ingenuity of living organisms to meet the needs of industries. It is very relevant for the development of sustainable mobility!
Biomimicry and sustainable mobility: Bioxegy explains why biomimicry is very relevant to meet the challenges of soft mobility.
Life is the fruit of 3.8 billion years of R&D, thanks to evolution. Living beings are highly adapted to their current environment because their properties, mechanisms and functions have survived where others have disappeared.
Living organisms have colonized very varied environments, and face very diverse challenges: mass reduction, heat conservation, communication, reduction of vibrations, friction, energy storage, mechanical resistance, detection, flow management etc. We can therefore draw inspiration from them to meet many challenges, including the development of robust, safe and efficient means of transport.
It is possible to draw inspiration from the living on several scales: living organisms, but also behaviors, and entire ecosystems. The possibilities are almost endless!
Thus, many social species show collective intelligence to move (shoals, swarms, etc.) and build (colonies) while saving available resources. Enough to improve fluidity, efficiency and resilience in the face of the daily hazards encountered by transport networks.
Below, a set of technical fields particularly relevant for sustainable mobility, to which biomimicry knows how to respond perfectly:
Advanced mechanical design, energy management and information management: there are many technical challenges in this race for sustainable mobility.
What new R&D perspectives thanks to biomimicry?
Detection and Optics
Flow management and optimization
Resilient and adaptive materials
Saving, storing and generating energy